Antarctic satellite composite imagery animations, 2021.

The University of Wisconsin-Madison creates composite satellite imagery over the Antarctic and adjacent Southern Ocean as a part of the Antarctic Meteorological Research Center and Antarctic Meteorological Research and Data Center projects. The imagery is generated by combining geostationary and polar-orbiting satellites via a mosaic process outlined in Lazzara et al., 2003, Lazzara et al., 2011, and Kohrs et al., 2014. The composites are made with infrared window (~10 micron) spectral channel. The imagery is made available in mp4 format movies available on a monthly basis.

Thanks to Bella Onsi for the generation of these composites for 2021. Funding of these composite animations is thanks to support from the Naval Information Warfare Center/Digital iBiz and the Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation Grants #1951720 and #1951603.


Kohrs, Richard A., Lazzara, Matthew A., Robaidek, Jerrold O., Santek, David A. and Knuth, Shelley L.. Global satellite composites - 20 years of evolution. Atmospheric Research, Volume 135, 2014, p. 8-34,

Lazzara, Matthew A.; Coletti, Alex and Diedrich, Benjamin L.. The possibilities of polar meteorology, environmental remote sensing, communications and space weather applications from Artificial Lagrange Orbit. Advances in Space Research, Volume 48, Issue 11, 2011, p. 1880-1889,

Lazzara, Matthew A.; Keller, Linda M.; Stearns, Charles R.; Thom, Jonathan E. and Weidner, George A.. Antarctic satellite meteorology: Applications for weather forecasting. Monthly Weather Review, Volume 131, Issue 2, 2003, p. 371-383,;2.


Additional Information

Author Antarctic Meteorological Research and Data Center
Maintainer Antarctic Meteorological Research and Data Center
Version 1.0
Last Updated February 2, 2024, 17:11 (UTC)
Created February 21, 2022, 21:08 (UTC)
Award(s) NSF 1951720, NSF 1951603
Categories Satellite imagery
Citation Antarctic Meteorological Research and Data Center, 2021: Antarctic satellite composite imagery animations. AMRDC Data Repository, accessed DD-MM-YYYY,
Collection Begin Date 2021-01-01
Collection End Date 2021-12-31
Data Quality Final
Format Video (mp4)
Instruments Geostationary and polar-orbiting satellites